Radios Questions

Can I program the same frequencies of a CP200 Radio on to a BPR40 Radio?

It depends on the frequencies and the DPLs. If they are common frequencies, there should be no problem, but the Motorola CP200 2-way radios has certain DPL (private digital line) squelch codes that the BPR40 2-way radio will not support. An example would be DPL number code 212 is supported on the CP200 but not the BPR40 at this time.

For the most part, the frequencies inside a CP200 can be programmed into a BPR40 a majority of the time. When in doubt check with your local Motorola dealer.

How do I clone a Motorola BPR40 Radio to another BPR40 Radio?

First some terminology, the radio with the proper information is called the “master radio” and the other radio that will be cloned to is called the “slave radio“.

It might be a good idea to place a small sticker on the master radio since it’s very easily to forget when cloning a lot of radios which is the master radio and which is the slave radio. The part number for the Motorola Cloning cable is PMDN4060.

Make sure both radios are off.

BPR40 Programming Button

Starting with the master radio

  1. Turn off the radio if it’s on
  2. Now for the tricky part, press and hold the programmable button #1, this is the top programmable button and turn on the radio. Keep pressing the programmable button until you hear two beeps, usually about 1 to 2 seconds.
  3. Release the programmable button, you should notice that the LED in front of the radio is now either red or orange, not flashing green or green.

Moving to the slave radio

  1. Turn off the radio if it’s on
  2. Press and hold the same programmable button #1, this is the top programmable button and turned on the radio.
  3. Keep the programmable button press until two beeps are heard, just like above, but keep pressing that button until three more beeps are heard.
  4. Release the programming button, you should notice that the LED will turn green.

The cloning process

  1. Connect the cloning cable to both the master and slave radios using the smaller Jack on the right-hand side of the radio.
  2. Press and release the programming button #1 of the slave radio.
  3. Within two seconds (very important), press and release the programming button #1 on the master radio.
  4. The LED on both radios will flash orange doing the cloning process.
  5. When both radios are complete, you will hear a chirping sound on both radios.
  6. Disconnect the cloning cable from both radios.
  7. Turn off both radios and turn them back on again.
  8. Check to see if the cloning process was successful by talking into the master radio and see if the slave radio breaks squelch.

What are the Motorola Part Numbers for the Radio Programming Cables?

These are the part numbers for the Motorola original accessories radio programming cables.

  •    BRP40 Radio programming cable is PMDN4043 and uses a com computer port.
  •    CP110 Radio programming cable is RKN4155 and uses a usb computer port.
  •    CP185 Radio programming cable is PMDN4077 and uses a usb computer port.
  •    CP200 Radio programming cable is AAPMKN4004 and uses a com computer port.*
  •    CP200D Radio programming cable is PMKN4128 and uses a usb computer port.

* This Motorola Radios need a Motorola Rib Box between the Radio and the computer.

What is PL or DPL?

PL stands for private line; it is a sub audio signal that becomes part of the radio transmission, from radio to radio. In the past technology used was called carrier squelch; this meant that unless another radio was transmitting on the same frequency, your radio would not break squelch, in other words, the speaker comes on.

As more and more people started using two-way radios, people started to listen to others on the same frequency. By adding PL to your frequency the radio must now be programmed for the same frequency and the same PL code. This helps reduce but not eliminate  you listening to someone else’s conversation.

By no means does PL make your conversation secure; it just merely mutes the speaker so no sound comes out until both conditions are true (same frequency and same PL). DPL, digital private line works on the same concept as PL, but it’s digital. They both work pretty much alike.

Again, it’s important to remember that neither technology PL nor DPL will make your conversation secure, all one needs to do is press the monitor button on the radio to hear everyone on that frequency,  regardless of PL or DPL.

Below are the PL and DPL codes used to program current radios.


67.0 - XZ 69.3 - WZ 71.0 - XA 74.4 - WA 77.0 - XB 79.7 - WB
82.5 - YZ 85.4 - YA 88.5 - YB 91.5 - ZZ 94.8 - ZA 97.4 - ZB
100.0 - 1Z 103.5 - 1A 107.2 - 1B 110.9 - 2Z 114.8 - 2A 118.8 - 2B
123.0 - 3Z 127.3 - 3A 131.8 - 3B 136.5 - 4Z 141.3 - 4A 146.2 - 4B
151.4 - 5Z 156.7 - 5A 162.2 - 5B 167.9 - 6Z 173.8 - 6A 179.9 - 6B
186.2 - 7Z 192.8 - 7A 203.5 - M1 206.5 - 8Z 210.7 - M2 218.1 - M3


023 025 026 031 032 043 047 051 053 054 065 071
072 073 074 114 115 116 122 125 131 132 134 143
152 155 156 162 165 172 174 205 212 223 225 226
243 244 245 246 251 252 261 263 265 266 271 306
311 315 325 331 343 346 351 364 365 371 411 413
423 425 431 432 455 446 452 455 464 465 466 503
506 516 521 525 532 546 552 564 565 606 612 624
627 631 632 645 652 654 622 664 703 712 723 725
726 731 732 734 743 754

Codes shown in BOLD are not standard and are not recommended.

We have a Vertex Standard radio that we are taking to South America, what happens if I require service under the 3 year warranty?

As you probably already know, Vertex Standard is
a Motorola own company and all Vertex Standard 2-way radio repairs used the
same service facilities as Motorola. There are many repair centers throughout
the world that can repair your Vertex Standard radio as long as the issue is
hardware. If for some reason the issue with the radio is software related,  the service facility will ship the radio to
North America for repair and ship it back to your authorized dealer.

Can a TalkAbout personal 2-way radio really talk
up to 30 miles?

Not even close, the best you’re going to get is about half a mile to a mile before you get static. These radios put out very little power, but it’s not the power that prevents the radio from talking further, it’s all the obstacles, the trees, the buildings, the people, even the weather.

You can actually have a conversation with someone
on the moon if there was nothing in the way and very little power would be
required. They can advertise this by using the term “ideal conditions”.
Unfortunately we do not live in a world that has the ideal conditions for these
radios to provide even close to the advertised maximum range.

Again to be crystal clear, you will get half a mile before you start running into static.

My CP200 Radio antenna screws on properly on my BPR40 Radio, is this antenna interchangeable?

100% No!!!!

That antenna was specifically made for a CP200
radio, using that antenna on another radio like the BPR40, will run the risk of
burning out the power amplifier. It’s not a question of “if”, but of “when” the
power amplifier will burn out. Use only the antenna that was specifically
designed for the BPR40.

This also includes many generic and aftermarket antennas which are just not specifically tuned to interact properly with the BPR40 radio. This is a perfectly good example of buyer beware when buying generics.

Why does my CP200d radio make a noise or tone every time I try to talk?

Yes I can see where that can be quite annoying - the old Motorola CP200 radios did not have that option. You will need to take your radio back to the dealer and have them reprogram the radio to omit this tone using the Radio Service Software (RSS). This setting is under the general option setting and applies to the entire radio.

The options are:

  • no tone whatsoever
  • tone only for analog channels
  • tone only for digital channels.

Many people have complain about this and the first thing we do is make sure the setting is set to “No tones” whatsoever.

What are some basic 2-Way Radio Terminology?

  • Accelerated Life Test – a Motorola proprietary developmental process of rigorous laboratory testing that simulates years of field use.
  • Built-in Noise Reduction Microphone – reduces background noise to allow clear, understandable transmissions in heavy noise environments.
  • Call Alert – lets a caller “page” you via your radio.
  • Channel Scan – lets you monitor specific operating channels.
  • Priority Scan – allows you to choose one channel to be monitored with more frequency than the others.
  • Operator Selectable Scan – lets you program the channels in the scan list to be monitored and select a priority channel.
  • Scan Nuisance Delete – allows you to temporarily delete a non-priority channel from the scan list.
  • Talkgroup Scan – lets you monitor any combination of trunked systems, subfleets, or conventional channels in the same scan list.
  • Dual Mode Capability – provides the flexibility of trunked and conventional repeater operation from one radio.
  • Private Conversation – allows communication exclusively between the initiating radio or control station and the radio called.
  • Privacy Plus Trunking – provides fast, automatic and democratic communications access not provided by conventional radio systems.
  • Radio-to-Radio Cloning – allows you to duplicate one radio’s operating parameters into another like radio of the same sub-band using a simple cloning cable.
  • Internal Voice Operated Transmission (VOX) – lets you activate radio by voice alone, for hands free operation.
  • Multiple Coded Squelch Capability Private-Line (PL) or Digital Private-Line (DPL) – lets you receive only the calls intended for you, and place calls to only those that accept the designated code.
  • Push-to-Talk Interface – allows a dispatcher to identify transmitting radios and monitor airtime usage.
  • Quik-Call II Signaling – provides an efficient way for dispatcher to initiate a page to an individual or group.
  • Field Programmable using the Radio Service Software – changes can be made to the radio frequencies or other individual characteristics.
  • Talkaround – lets you bypass a repeater and talk directly to another unit.
  • Telephone Interconnect – gives you the capability to initiate and/or receive telephone calls using your radio.
  • Time-out Timer – limits the amount of time a user can continuously transmit on a channel.
  • Voice Selective Call Signaling – provides an efficient way to initiate a voice page message to an individual or group.
  • Emergency Alarm – used by radio operators to inform dispatch personnel of critical or life threatening situations through a data transmission.
  • Programmable Channel Spacing  (Wide Band Frequency Separation) – gives you more versatility of channel spacing.
  • Alphanumeric Display – lets you name and view channels or talkgroups in words instead of numbers.
  • Busy Channel Lock-Out – prevents users from “talking over” each other by restricting transmission if activity is detected on the channel.
  • Horn and Lights Capability – activates a vehicle’s horn and headlights when a Call Alert signal is received and the operator is away from the vehicle.
  • Military Specifications Mill Std. 810 C, D, and E – the U.S. Department of Defense’s most rigorous standards for radio performance in harsh environments.

Because two-way radios or walkie-talkies operate in half duplex mode, you cannot speak and listen at the same time, radio codes were invented to keep the conversation short and to the point.

Common List of 2-Way Radio Codes

  • 10-1 Receiving Poorly
  • 10-2 Receiving Well
  • 10-3 Disregard Last Information
  • 10-4 O.K., Message Understood
  • 10-5 Relay Message
  • 10-6 Busy, Stand By
  • 10-7 Out of Service
  • 10-8 In Service
  • 10-9 Repeat – Conditions Bad
  • 10-18 Anything for Us?
  • 10-19 Nothing for you
  • 10-20 What is your Location?
  • 10-23 Arrived with last Assignment
  • 10-36 What time is it?
  • QRX Stand By
  • QRU Are you O.K.
  • QSL O.K.
  • QTH Location
  • QSM Repeat Message, I didn’t Receive
  • QRM Repeat Message, you have Static

What is the difference between VHF and UHF and which one should I purchase?

In a nutshell if you do not have a current 2-way radio system, we would recommend UHF over VHF.

First some basics:

VHF – VHF stands for very high frequency. VHF signals occupy the low end of the frequency spectrum, usually from 89.00 MHz to 216.00 MHz. The very first wireless transmissions were made from the low frequency band, which is still being used today. Because of this this band with extremely populated.

UHF – UHF stands for ultra high frequency. UHF operates in the 400 MHz frequency range. Although UHF is also populated, it provides a few more options than VHF especially when it comes to community repeaters.

Low frequency AM broadcast radio signals will travel far beyond the horizon and can be reflected back to earth for reception at great distances. UHF signals don’t travel quite as far outdoors as VHF signals, but they do a better job of penetrating wood, steel, and concrete, giving you better range and performance in urban environments and around buildings. VHF signals travel farther, absent obstructions, and tend to “hug” the earth better, providing better performance outdoors or in hilly terrain.

UHF or higher frequency television or FM commercial broadcast stations are absorbed by the earth’s atmosphere and are therefore limited to line of sight transmission.

Because there are more options when it comes to UHF, especially with community repeaters, UHF is our choice for new 2-way radio systems.